Seminar Series: Fabrizio Ruggeri

December 18, 2019
Thursday, January 16, 2020 - 3:00pm
209 W Eighteenth Ave (EA), Room 170
Fabrizio Ruggeri Seminar Series

Title

New Classes of Priors based on Stochastic Orders: Theory and Applications in Reliability

Speaker

Fabrizio Ruggeri, Italian National Research Council in Milano

Abstract

In the context of robust Bayesian analysis, we first introduce a new class of univariate prior distributions based on stochastic orders and distortion functions. Then we introduce a new class of multivariate priors based on stochastic orders, multivariate total positivity of order 2 (MTP2) and weighted distributions. We provide the new definitions, their interpretation and the main properties and we also study the relationship with other classical classes of prior beliefs. We also consider metrics (Kolmogorov and Kantorovich in the former case, Hellinger and Kullback-Leibler in the latter) to measure the uncertainty induced by such classes. Finally, we present the application of the former class in the context of fault tree analysis for a spacecraft re-entry example, whereas the latter will be illustrated with an  example about train door reliability.
 

Note: Seminars are free and open to the public. Reception to follow.

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